Rome is one of the founding fore-cities and most powerful cities in Western Civilization. Known as "The Eternal City", Rome is home to a several landmarks that have made this city a popular tourist destination. Rome is a city rich in history, art and culture and the vastness of its priceless monuments and treasures have made it one of many UNESCO World Heritage Sites.  

Rome is Italy’s capital city and is a cosmopolitan metropolis with grand history, marvelous art and vibrant night life. Rome hosts hundreds of thousands of visitors each year who go to see the Vatican City or the relics of the ancient Roman Empire. Rome blends the old with the new and is home to the Sistine Chapel and the works of Michelangelo, the Coliseum and the Pantheon. Amidst the history are the sights of today including Vespas, Fiats and red sports cars along the trendy sidewalk bistros and nightclubs.

Climate in Rome

The weather in Rome during the summer can be uncomfortably hot in this typical Mediterranean climate. The spring is the best time to travel to Rome as the temperatures are mild and blue skies are prevalent. Summer temperatures can reach triple digits calling for some business owners to close for holiday in the hottest month of August. Rain showers are possible all year long. Winters are mild with temperatures around 55 F (13 C).

Activities in Rome

Every year the birth of Rome (April 21st) is celebrated with numerous events taking place at notable venues around the city. Celebrations include a fireworks display over the Tiber River, parades, gladiator shows and traditional banquets. 

Although the focus is on Classical music, the RomaEuropa Festival is famous for the diversity of its various performers. Rome's annual international cultural event features theatre, dance and music concerts and performances. 

The Rome Marathon takes runners on a scenic tour of Rome, passing some of the most famous monuments like the Coliseum and St Peter's Basilica. The Marathon Village sets up a week in advance with concerts, stalls and shows for all to enjoy.

The ATP Masters Series consists of nine tennis tournaments that are held annually in Europe and North America and sees the world's top tennis players competing for the title of world number one. The Rome Masters Series is thought to be the second most prestigious clay court tennis tournament in the world.

Sightseeing in Rome

The Pantheon is the best preserved temple of ancient Rome. Almost two thousand years after it was built; the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. Rebuilt in the 2nd century AD, by Emperor Hadrian, The height and diameter of the interior circle are huge and astonishing. A rectangular structure links the portico with the rotunda. The only light source shining through the central oculus was used by the Romans to measure time and the dates of equinoxes and solstices.

St Peter’s Basilica lies above St. Peter’s tomb. In the central aisle stands Arnolfo da Cambio's bronze statue of St Peter, its foot worn down by the constant flow of pilgrims' kisses. The Vatican Grottoes, containing papal tombs, can be reached by steps from the statue of St Longinus. The Necropolis is located one level below the grottoes. This is the legendary site of St Peter's tomb and advance permission has to be obtained to view it. A strict dress code is enforced at the Basilica. No shorts, bare shoulders or miniskirts are permitted.

The Coliseum is one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering and one of Rome's most popular tourist attractions. Originally the Flavian Amphitheatre, this enduring symbol of ancient Rome clings to its foundations as the site of former gladiatorial conquests.

Trevi Fountain is one of the most photographed water fountains in the world. A legend states that if visitors throw a coin in the fountain, they are ensured a return trip to Rome. As seen in the classic movies Three Coins in the Fountain and La Dolce Vita, the Fontana di Trevi was designed by Nicola Salvi in 1732.

Rome Cuisine

There are three main kinds of restaurant in Rome. An osteria is an informal gathering-spot, serving basic spaghetti meals and some wine. Trattorie are more bistro-style affairs, offering large meals in a homely setting. A ristorante offers the white table-clothed, silver spoon and wine-list dining experience preferred by the more affluent diner. Pizza and pastas are prevalent but true traditional Italian cooking can be found around the city. 

Travel to Rome/Passports

There are direct cheap flights from various airports in the USA to Rome's Leonardo da Vinci Airport, which is located 19 miles (30km) south-west of central Rome. The center of the city can be traveled by foot with busses, trams, trains and the metro supporting travel throughout the city each day. Transportation tickets come in daily and standard forms and must be purchased before each ride. Citizens from the United States or Canada can travel to Italy with a valid passport.  A visa is only required if you plan to stay in Italy for more than 90 days. 


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