Founded in 1567 Caracas has become the political, economic and cultural capital of Venezuela. The urban capital is the largest city in Venezuela and is home to exquisite art, food and nightlife. Nearly five million people call Caracas home. The city began as a Spanish colonial settlement over 400 years ago and spurned by the 1970’s oil boom has grown into a metropolis of tall buildings, apartments and highways nestled between the South American coast and the Avila Mountain.

Caracas is home to numerous restaurants, museums, theaters and shopping centers that are located throughout the mass of humanity and concrete that makes up the city’s core. With its location near the sea and the mountains vacationers can catch the feel for Venezuela’s business and beauty with a stay in Caracas. 

Climate in Caracas

Caracas has a tropical Savanna climate. The tropical climate ensures that there is very little variation between summer and winter temperatures. In Caracas it is never too cold or too hot. The rainy season falls between May and December and brings with it thunder and lightning storms. 

Activities in Caracas

The National Gallery of Art and Caracas Museum of Fine Art are two fascinating cultural institutions that showcase a rich collection of Venezuelan, Latin American and international art. The National Gallery has over 4000 works of art that include aboriginal art from the pre-Hispanic period, the portrait painters of the colonial period and the initiators of the abstractionism art movement from the 1960s.

Plaza Bolivar is said to be where Diego de Losada founded the city in 1567 and is home to several monuments and the Metropolitan Cathedral. The Palacio Municipal is located in the Plaza and has a beautiful courtyard know as Jardin de Caracas. The Museo Sacro de Caracas contains a collection of local historical religious art.

A great way to experience the city and its surroundings is from 1,000 feet above the metropolis on the Caracas Aerial Tramway. The Avila Cable Car takes visitors through the dense green slopes of Avila Mountain, affording spectacular views of the Caribbean Sea and the sprawling cityscape of Caracas.

Sightseeing in Caracas

Museo Bolivariano celebrates the city’s liberator Simon Bolivar. Though small in size the museum is a must see for travelers to Caracas. Many pieces from Bolivar, his family and his teacher, Simon Rodriguez, are kept in the museum along with firearms and weapons used during the War of Independence.

Caracas is known for its world class museums and the Children’s Museum of Caracas was established in 1982 to engage the children of the city as they learn its history. The museum is made up of sections dedicated to science, technology, art and culture. Over 500 exhibits make up the attraction that also houses the very popular Planetarium. 

El Avila National Park is located along the Cordillera de la Costa Mountains. The mountain sits next to Caracas and separates the city from the Caribbean Sea. Hiking and camping are popular recreational activities in El Avila. Thousands of people walk the trails daily for exercise. The park also makes for some great camping.

The Caracas Botanical Garden was founded in 1944 and contains over 2,000 native and non-indigenous species. The greenhouses and natural gardens attract visitors interested in gardening and a provide travelers with a serene walk through the relaxing and beautifully maintained garden comprised of indigenous plants and flowers.

Caracas Cuisine

Great steaks and other meats are easy to find in Caracas, which has a worldly variety of grills, restaurants and bakeries. Traditional Spanish staples like paella and maize cakes are prominent, though Caracas is home to great Italian, Greek and Asian restaurants. 

Travel to Caracas/Passports

Direct flights to Caracas are cheap and easy to find. Simon Bolivar International Airport and is located just north of the city and is a hub for Central and South American travelers. The Metro system is the most efficient means of travel around the city. The trains run daily from 5:30 am to 11:00 pm and are well maintained and air-conditioned.  Travelers can purchase a “Multibono” which is good for 10 train rides of any distance. A Metrobus system connects travelers from the city to the suburbs. A valid passport and a visa or tourist card are required to travel to Caracas. Tourist cards are issued on flights from the U.S. to Venezuela for persons staying less than ninety days. 



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