Sydney, Australia was the first British colony established in Australia in 1788 by Arthur Phillip. Sydney is the capital of New South Wales and in 2010 had an estimated population of 4.6 million people known as Syneysiders. The population in comprised of cosmopolitan and international people.

Sydney is a high ranking world city and has hosted multiple major international sporting events, including the 1938 British Empire Games (now known as the Commonwealth Games). Sydney is comprised of many national parks such as Hyde Park and the Royal Botanical Gardens. The city's main port is Port Botany.

Climate in Sydney

Sydney has a temperate climate with warm summers and mild winters. Rainfall is spread throughout the year. January is the warmest month in Sydney with high temperatures in the upper  70's. On January 18th 2013 the high temperature reached an extreme of 144 degrees.  July is the  coolest month of the year with high temperatures in the low 40's. It's proximity to the ocean dictates most of the climate in Sydney while the more extreme weather is found inland away from the sea.


Activities in Sydney

In the year ending March 2008, Sydney received 2.7 million international visitors and 7 million domestic visitors. The most well-known attractions include the Sydney Opera House and the Sydney Harbor Bridge. Other attractions include Royal Botanical Gardens, Luna Park, 40 beaches and Sydney Tower.

Sports like rugby, cricket and soccer are prevalent in this active outdoor destination.  Cricket is the most popular summer sport in Sydney. The Ashes Series between Australia and England is widely popular among the people. As the state capital, Sydney is also the home of the NSW Blues cricket team in the Sheffield Shield cricket competition.

Sydney's famous Opera House consists of five halls a large concert hall, opera hall and drama theaters. It is home to the third largest opera company in the world known as Opera Australia.  The Sydney Conservatorium of Music is located adjacent to the Royal Botanic Gardens and serves the Australian music community through music education and biannual Australian Music Examination Board exams.

Sydney also has several popular museums, such as the Australian Museum, the Powerhouse Museum, the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Museum of Contemporary Art and the Australian National Maritime Museum.


Sightseeing in Sydney

Sydney Harbor is probably the most popular of all the attractions to see in the city. Secluded beaches, quiet coves and vast headlands make up the harbor which is ranked as one of the most beautiful in the world. Boating, sailing, fishing and scuba diving are some of the many activities to do the harbor which is a great place for young children and the adults.

The walk from the Opera House to the Royal Botanical Gardens is one of scenic views, tremendous photography interests, beautiful plants and flowers and places for tourists to picnic.

Located on the shores of Sydney Harbor are the Royal Botanical Gardens which cover over 30 hectares and are visited by over 3 million visitors each year. The Choo Choo express is scenic train tour of the gardens that departs every 30 minutes weather permitting.

The Sydney Opera House contains more than 1,000 rooms 300 corridors and hosts 1600 performances per year. This world class performing arts venue was designed by Danish Architect Jorn Utzon and has hosted the talents of Pavarotti, John Cleese and The Cure.


Cuisine in Sydney

British traditions influence the domestic cooking and the takeaway food outlets in Sydney. Roast dinners, the Australian meat pie and fish and chips amongst the most popular offerings. Sydney is home to many fine dining restaurants and fast food outlets with barbecued meats being considered traditional. Mediterranean and east Asian cuisine diversify the foods in Sydney.


Travel to Sydney/ Passport requirements

Kingsford Smith Airport is located six miles south of the city and is the only major airport that accepts international flights to the region. There are direct flights from UK airports to Sydney. Plenty of indirect flights are available, stopping in various places such as Dubai or Singapore. Flights to Sydney can be expensive, particularly over the busy Christmas period. Indirect flights are generally cheaper. Buses trains and ferries make getting around the city easy. There are many types of travel passes available that are a good value. The ferries are the best and most pleasurable ways to travel around the city and offer scenic views of the Sydney from the surrounding waters. All travelers other than Australian or New Zealand citizens must have a valid passport or visa to enter the city as well as a signed passenger card and health and character declaration.



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